Table of Contents

  1. はじめに
  2. 1対1の通信
    1. 利用者の為のガイドライン
      1. 電子メール
      2. 会話
    2. 管理者の為のガイドライン
  3. 1対多の通信
    1. 利用者の為のガイドライン
      1. メーリングリストとネットニュース全般
      2. メーリングリスト
      3. ネットニュース
    2. 管理者の為のガイドライン
      1. 一般的問題
      2. メーリングリスト
      3. ネットニュース
    3. 議長の為のガイドライン
      1. 一般的な事
  4. 情報サービス
    1. 利用者の為のガイドライン
      1. 一般的な事
      2. リアルタイム対話サービス
    2. 管理者の為のガイドライン
      1. 一般的な事
  5. 推奨文献目録
  6. セキュリティの考慮
  7. 著者のアドレス

4.0 Information Services (Gopher, Wais, WWW, ftp, telnet)

   In recent Internet history, the 'Net has exploded with new and varied
   Information services.  Gopher, Wais, World Wide Web (WWW), Multi-User
   Dimensions (MUDs) Multi-User Dimensions which are Object Oriented
   (MOOs) are a few of these new areas.  Although the ability to find
   information is exploding, "Caveat Emptor" remains constant.  For more
   information on these services, check references [14,28] in the
   Selected Bibliography.


4.1 User Guidelines

4.1.1. General guidelines

    - Remember that all these services belong to someone else.  The
      people who pay the bills get to make the rules governing usage.
      Information may be free - or it may not be!  Be sure you check.


    - If you have problems with any form of information service, start
      problem solving by checking locally:  Check file configurations,
      software setup, network connections, etc.  Do this before assuming
      the problem is at the provider's end and/or is the provider's


    - Although there are naming conventions for file-types used, don't
      depend on these file naming conventions to be enforced.  For
      example, a ".doc" file is not always a Word file.


    - Information services also use conventions, such as www.xyz.com.
      While it is useful to know these conventions, again, don't
      necessarily rely on them.


    - Know how file names work on your own system.


    - Be aware of conventions used for providing information during
      sessions.  FTP sites usually have files named README in a top
      level directory which have information about the files available.
      But, don't assume that these files are necessarily up-to-date
      and/or accurate.


    - Do NOT assume that ANY information you find is up-to-date and/or
      accurate.  Remember that new technologies allow just about anyone
      to be a publisher, but not all people have discovered the
      responsibilities which accompany publishing.


    - Remember that unless you are sure that security and authentication
      technology is in use, that any information you submit to a system
      is being transmitted over the Internet "in the clear", with no
      protection from "sniffers" or forgers.


    - Since the Internet spans the globe, remember that Information
      Services might reflect culture and life-style markedly different
      from your own community.  Materials you find offensive may
      originate in a geography which finds them acceptable.  Keep an open


    - When wanting information from a popular server, be sure to use
      a mirror server that's close if a list is provided.


    - Do not use someone else's FTP site to deposit materials you
      wish other people to pick up.  This is called "dumping" and
      is not generally acceptable behavior.


    - When you have trouble with a site and ask for help, be sure to
      provide as much information as possible in order to help
      debug the problem.


    - When bringing up your own information service, such as a homepage,
      be sure to check with your local system administrator to find what
      the local guidelines are in affect.


    - Consider spreading out the system load on popular sites by
      avoiding "rush hour" and logging in during off-peak times.


4.1.2 Real Time Interactive Services Guidelines (MUDs MOOs IRC)

    - As in other environments, it is wise to "listen" first to
      get to know the culture of the group.


    - It's not necessary to greet everyone on a channel or room
      personally.  Usually one "Hello" or the equivalent is enough.
      Using the automation features of your client to greet people is
      not acceptable behavior.


    - Warn the participants if you intend to ship large quantities
      of information.  If all consent to receiving it, you may send,
      but sending unwanted information without a warning is considered
      bad form just as it is in mail.


    - Don't assume that people who you don't know will want to talk to
      you.  If you feel compelled to send private messages to people you
      don't know, then be willing to accept gracefully the fact that they
      might be busy or simply not want to chat with you.


    - Respect the guidelines of the group.  Look for introductory
      materials for the group.  These may be on a related ftp site.


    - Don't badger other users for personal information such as sex, age,
      or location.  After you have built an acquaintance with another user,
      these questions may be more appropriate, but many people
      hesitate to give this information to people with whom they are
      not familiar.


    - If a user is using a nickname alias or pseudonym, respect that
      user's desire for anonymity.  Even if you and that person are
      close friends, it is more courteous to use his nickname.  Do
      not use that person's real name online without permission.


4.2 Administrator Guidelines

4.2.1 General Guidelines

    - Make clear what's available for copying and what is not.


    - Describe what's available on your site, and your organization.
      Be sure any general policies are clear.


    - Keep information, especially READMEs, up-to-date.  Provide READMEs
      in plain ascii text.


    - Present a list of mirrors of your site if you know them.  Make
      sure you include a statement of copyright applicable to your
      mirrors.  List their update schedule if possible.


    - Make sure that popular (and massive) information has the bandwidth
      to support it.


    - Use conventions for file extensions  - .txt for ascii text; .html
      or .htm for HTML; .ps for Postscript; .pdf for Portable Document
      Format; .sgml or .sgm for SGML; .exe for non-Unix executables, etc.


    - For files being transferred, try to make filenames unique in the
      first eight characters.


    - When providing information, make sure your site has something
      unique to offer.  Avoid bringing up an information service which
      simply points to other services on the Internet.


    - Don't point to other sites without asking first.


    - Remember that setting up an information service is more than just
      design and implementation.  It's also maintenance.


    - Make sure your posted materials are appropriate for the supporting


    - Test applications with a variety of tools.  Don't assume everything
      works if you've tested with only one client.  Also, assume the low
      end of technology for clients and don't create applications which
      can only be used by Graphical User Interfaces.


    - Have a consistent view of your information.  Make sure the look
      and feel stays the same throughout your applications.


    - Be sensitive to the longevity of your information.  Be sure to
      date time-sensitive materials, and be vigilant about keeping
      this information well maintained.


    - Export restrictions vary from country to country.  Be sure you
      understand the implications of export restrictions when you post.


    - Tell users what you plan to do with any information you collect,
      such as WWW feedback.  You need to warn people if you plan to
      publish any of their statements, even passively by just making it
      available to other users.


    - Make sure your policy on user information services, such as
      homepages, is well known.



Copyright (C) 2006 七鍵 key@do.ai 初版:2006年04月03日 最終更新:2006年04月11日